surah al kahf
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The Four Stories of Surat Al-Kahf

The Four Stories of Surat Al-Kahf

Surah al Kahf is found in the 18th chapter of the Quran. It includes four historical stories, which we can derive amazing lessons from. There are many benefits to being familar with Surah.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said : “If anyone learns by heart the first ten verses of the Surah al-Kahf, he will be protected from the Dajjal.”
Source : Sahih Muslim 809a

These are the main lessons from the four stories of Surah Al-Kahf.

The Story of the people of the cave – A Trial of Faith

This story is about a number of young men who were driven out of their homes because they believed in Allah. They ended up in a cave where Allah made them sleep for many years (309 lunar years which is 300 solar years).

When they woke up they felt they had slept for a day or half a day. One of them went to the town to get some food disguising himself thinking that the people would recognise and harm him. Only to find himself amongst a different people. The people of the town were amazed at his appearance of this man and the old coins he was using.

The story shows us how Allah protects the righteous who believe in Him no matter how hard their situation is.

The Story of the man who owns two gardens – A Trial of Wealth

This is a story about a man who owned two beautiful gardens, but he became arrogant.

And he had wealth. So, he said to his companion while conversing with him, “I am greater than you in wealth and stronger in manpower.”
(Al-Quran 18:34)

The man forgot to be thankful for the bounties Allah has bestowed upon him, hence Allah destroyed his gardens.

This story is a lesson to those who take worldly matters for granted and forget that all that they have is from Allah and He is capable of taking it all away if he wills.

The Story of Musa and Al-Khidr – A Trial of Knowledge

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said: “Once Moses stood up and addressed Bani Israel. He was asked who the most learned man amongst the people was. He said: “I.” Allah reprimanded him as he did not attribute absolute knowledge to Him (Allah). So, Allah said to him: “Yes. at the junction of the two seas there is a slave of Mine who is more learned than you.” Moses said: “O my Lord! How can I meet him?”

So Allah instrusted Musa as to where to find the man who was knows as “Al-Khidr” – The Green One.
(Source : Sahih al-Bukhari 3401)

Musa goes on a journey with Al-Khidr where he learns that Allah bestows his knowledge on whoever he wishes. Nobody should ever feel he/she is the most knowledgeable, as all knowledge belongs to Allah. Hence, Al-Khidr says, “…And I did it not of my own accord…”
(Quran 18:82)

The Story of the Dhul Qarnayn (A Righteous King) – A Trial of Power

Dhul Qarnain was a righteous and just king, who traveled the lands from West to East. The Qur’an mentions three of his journeys. On his last journey, he reaches a place between two mountains where he met a tribe of people. They asked him to build a wall between them and the people of Gog and Magog “Ya’juj and Ma’juj” who were causing mischief in the land. Dhul Qarnain agreed to do so. Dhul Qarnayn was not proud of his achievements, in fact, the Quran mentions that after he built that great wall,

“He said: ‘This is mercy from my Lord. But when the promise of my Lord comes to pass, He will make it level (with the ground), and the promise of my Lord is ever true’.”
(Quran 18:98)

Reading Surat Al-Kahf on Friday

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) taught us that –
“Whoever reads Soorat al-kahf on Friday, Allah will bestow upon him light between those two Fridays.”
(Narrated by al-Bayhaqi, classed as Saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’)

May Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى‎) helps us make Surah Al-Kahf a regular part of our Friday routine.

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