Was al-Khidr a Prophet?

Q. Was al-Khidr an angel, a Messenger,   a Prophet or a wali (“saint”)? 

Praise be to Allaah.

The from the general meaning of the Qur’aanic verses (Surah Kahf) it appears  that he was a Prophet. 

Shaykh al-Shanqeeti (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in his commentary on the aayah (interpretation of the meaning) 

Al-Khidr | Prophet | Surah Kahf | Quran
Al-Khidr | Prophet | Surah Kahf

“Then they found one of Our slaves, on whom We had bestowed mercy from Us, and whom We had taught knowledge from Us”

[al-Kahf 18:65] 

“But it may be understood from some aayahs that the mercy mentioned here was the mercy of Prophethood, and that this knowledge which came from Allaah was the knowledge of revelation (wahee)… It is known that mercy and the bestowal of knowledge from Allaah is more general and comes in more ways than via Prophethood.

The fact that something general exists does not necessarily imply that something more specific exists, as is well known. One of the indications that the mercy and knowledge with which Allaah blessed His slave al-Khidr came by way of Prophethood and revelation is the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And I did them not of my own accord”

[Surah Kahf 18:82] 

i.e., rather I did them by the command of Allaah, and the command of Allaah is only conveyed via wahee (revelation), because there is no way for the commands and prohibitions of Allaah to be known except through revelation from Allaah, especially with regard to the killing of an apparently innocent soul and damaging a ship by making a hole in it, because committing acts of aggression against people’s lives and wealth can only be validated via revelation from Allaah.

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Allaah has restricted the method of warning to revelation as He says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Say (O Muhammad): “I warn you only by the Revelation”

[al-Anbiya’ 21:45] 

the word innama (translated here as “only”) implies limitation or restriction. 

Al-Khidr | Prophet | Surah Kahf
Al-Khidr | Prophet | Surah Kahf

Adwaa’ al-Bayaan, 4/172, 173 

And he said: 

From all of this we know that al-Khidr’s killing the boy and making a hole in the ship, and his saying, 

“And I did them not of my own accord”

[Surah Kahf 18:82 – interpretation of the meaning] 

clearly indicate that he was a Prophet.

Al-Fakhr al-Raazi, in his tafseer, attributed the view that he was a Prophet to many scholars. Another factor that may indicate that he was a Prophet is the fact that Moosa (peace be upon him) humbled himself before him and said (interpretation of the meaning): 

“May I follow you so that you teach me something of that knowledge (guidance and true path) which you have been taught (by Allaah)?”

[Surah Al-Kahf 18:66] 

“If Allaah wills, you will find me patient, and I will not disobey you in aught”

[Surah Kahf 18:69] 

even though al-Khidr said to him (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And how can you have patience about a thing which you know not?” 

[Surah Al-Kahf 18:68] 

Adwaa’ al-Bayaan, 3/326.

Islam Q&A 
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

100 DIRECT INSTRUCTIONS BY ALLAH IN THE QURAN FOR MANKIND

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta`ala) Has Directly Given Us 100 Direct Instructions Through Al-Quran :

Quran Explorer :-

1. Do not be rude in speech (Quran Explorer 3:159)

2. Restrain Anger (3:134)

3. Be good to others (4:36)

quran explorer

4. Do not be arrogant (7:13)

5. Forgive others for their mistakes (7:199)

6. Speak to people mildly (20:44)

7. Lower your voice (31:19)

8. Do not ridicule others (49:11)

9. Be dutiful to parents(17:23)

10. Do not say a word of disrespect to parents (17:23)

11. Do not enter parents’ private room without asking permission (Quran Explorer 24:58)

12. Write down the debt (2:282)

13. Do not follow anyone blindly (2:170)

14. Grant more time to repay if the debtor is in hard time (2:280)

15. Don’t consume interest (2:275)

16. Do not engage in bribery (2:188)

17. Do not break the promise (2:177)

18. Keep the trust (2:283)

19. Do not mix the truth with falsehood (2:42)

20. Judge with justice between people (4:58)

21. Stand out firmly for justice (Quran Explorer 4:135)

22. Wealth of the dead should be distributed among his family members (4:7)

23. Women also have the right for inheritance (4:7)

24. Do not devour the property of orphans (4:10)

25. Protect orphans (2:220)

26. Do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly (4:29)

quran explorer

27. Try for settlement between people (49:9)

28. Avoid suspicion (49:12)

29. Do not spy and backbite (2:283)

30. Do not spy or backbite (49:12)

31. Spend wealth in charity (Quran Explorer 57:7)

32. Encourage feeding poor (107:3)

33. Help those in need by finding them (2:273)

34. Do not spend money extravagantly (17:29)

35. Do not invalidate charity with reminders (2:264)

36. Honor guests (51:26)

37. Order righteousness to people only after practicing it yourself(2:44)

38. Do not commit abuse on the earth (2:60)

39. Do not prevent people from mosques (2:114)

40. Fight only with those who fight you (2:190)

41. Keep the etiquettes of war (Quran Explorer 2:191)

42. Do not turn back in battle (8:15)

43. No compulsion in religion (2:256)

44. Believe in all prophets (2:285)

45. Do not have sexual intercourse during menstrual period (2:222)

46. Breastfeed your children for two complete years (2:233)

47. Do not even approach unlawful sexual intercourse (17:32)

48. Choose rulers by their merit (2:247)

quran explorer

49. Do not burden a person beyond his scope (2:286)

50. Do not become divided (3:103)

51. Think deeply about the wonders and creation of this universe (Quran Explorer 3:191)

52. Men and Women have equal rewards for their deeds (3:195)

53. Do not marry those in your blood relation (4:23)

54. A family should be led by men (4:34)

55. Do not be miserly (4:37)

56.Do not keep envy (4:54)

57. Do not kill each other (4:92)

58. Do not be an advocate for deceit (4:105)

59. Do not cooperate in sin and aggression (5:2)

60. Cooperate in righteousness (5:2)

61. ’Having majority’ is not a criterion of truth (Quran Explorer 6:116)

62. Be just (5:8)

63. Punish for crimes in an exemplary way (5:38)

64. Strive against sinful and unlawful acts (5:63)

65. Dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine are prohibited (5:3)

66. Avoid intoxicants and alcohol (5:90)

quran explorer

67. Do not gamble (5:90)

68. Do not insult others’ deities (6:108)

69. Don’t reduce weight or measure to cheat people (6:152)

70. Eat and Drink, But Be Not Excessive (7:31)

71. Wear good clothes during prayer times (Quran Explorer 7:31)

72. protect and help those who seek protection (9:6)

73. Keep Purity (9:108)

74. Never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy (12:87)

75. Allah will forgive those who have done wrong out of ignorance (16:119)

76. Invitation to God should be with wisdom and good instruction (16:125)

77. No one will bear others’ sins (17:15)

78. Do not kill your children for fear of poverty (17:31)

79. Do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge (17:36)

80. Keep aloof from what is vain (23:3)

81. Do not enter others’ houses without seeking permission (Quran Explorer 24:27)

82. Allah will provide security for those who believe only in Allah (24:55)

83. Walk on earth in humility (25:63)

84. Do not neglect your portion of this world (28:77)

quran explorer

85. Invoke not any other god along with Allah (28:88)

86. Do not engage in homosexuality (29:29)

87. Enjoin right, forbid wrong (31:17)

88. Do not walk in insolence through the earth (31:18)

89. Women should not display their finery (33:33)

90. Allah forgives all sins (39:53)

91. Do not despair of the mercy of Allah (Quran Explorer 39:53)

92. Repel evil by good (41:34)

93. Decide on affairs by consultation (42:38)

94. Most noble of you is the most righteous (49:13)

95. No Monasticism in religion (57:27)

96. Those who have knowledge will be given a higher degree by Allah (58:11)

97. Treat non-Muslims in a kind and fair manner (60:8)

98. Save yourself from covetousness (64:16)

99. Seek forgiveness of Allah. He is Forgiving and Merciful (73:20)

100. Do not repel one who asks (Quran Explorer 93:10)

And Allah Knows Best.

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WHO IS ALLAH?

All the praises for Allah, who is the author of all existence and the most generous to his creation, while HE (swt) is also the all compelling.

HE (swt) is the only one worthy of our worship having no partners, no associates, no sons, no daughters, no one whom he must consult.

And no one or anything has any comparison with HIM (swt). All praise is for Allah, who is the king of all who claim sovereignty.

The only one who has the right to legislate for HIS creations. HE (swt) is the giver of life, HE (swt) is the causer of death while death has no effect upon HIM (swt) because HE is the ever living, the self subsisting, the eternal and the only absolute.

All the praises  for Allah, who has power over all things and there is in reality no power, and no strength, no influence to cause benefit or death to men except through HIM (swt).

It is HE (swt) who created this complex world, the seen and the unseen, the evident and the hidden, the earth and all over that is on it and everything that is in it. It is HE (swt) who sent HIS messengers and prophets (peace be upon them all) with the common message of strict monothiesm which simply means that there is absolutely no one worthy of worship, no one worthy of our obeidience except the almighty the one the absolute and who has no partners.

The Quran 59:22–24

Al-Quran 59:22. He is Allah. There is no god but He, the Knower of secrets and declarations. He is the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Al-Quran 59:23. He is Allah; besides Whom there is no god; the Sovereign, the Holy, the Peace-Giver, the Faith-Giver, the Overseer, the Almighty, the Omnipotent, the Overwhelming. Glory be to Allah, beyond what they associate.

Al-Quran 59:24.  He is Allah; the Creator, the Maker, the Designer. His are the Most Beautiful Names. Whatever is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Him. He is the Majestic, the Wise.

allah
Allaah

ALLAH

The Muslims prefer calling the Supreme Creator, Allah, instead of by the English word ‘God’. The Arabic word, ‘Allah’, is pure and unique, unlike the English word ‘God’, which can be played around with.

If you add ‘s’ to the word God, it becomes ‘Gods’, that is the plural of God. Allah is one and singular, there is no plural of Allah. If you add ‘dess’ to the word God, it becomes ‘Goddess’ that is a female God. There is nothing like male Allah or female Allah. Allah has no gender. If you add the word ‘father’ to ‘God’ it becomes ‘God-father’. God-father means someone who is a guardian. There is no word like ‘Allaah-Abba’ or ‘Allaah-father’. If you add the word ‘mother’ to ‘God’, it becomes ‘God-mother’. There is nothing like ‘Allaah-Ammi’, or ‘Allaah-mother’ in Islam. Allaah is a unique word. If you prefix tin before the word God, it becomes tin-God i.e., fake God.

Allaah is a unique word, which does not conjure up any mental picture nor can it be played around with. Therefore the Muslims prefer using the Arabic word ‘Allaah’ for the Almighty. Sometimes, however, while speaking to the non-Muslims we may have to use the inappropriate word God, for Allah. Since the intended audience of this article is general in nature, consisting of both Muslims as well as non-Muslims, I have used the word God instead of Allaah in several places in this article.

God does not become a human being:

Some may argue that God does not become a human being but only takes a human form. If God only takes a human form but does not become a human being, He should not possess any human qualities. We know that all the ‘God-men’, have human qualities and failings. They have all the human needs such as the need to eat, sleep, etc.

The worship of God in human form is therefore a logical fallacy and should be abhorred in all its forms and manifestations.

That is the reason why the Qur’an speaks against all forms of anthropomorphism. The Glorious Qur’an says in the following verse:

“There is nothing whatever like unto Him.”  [Al-Qur’an 42:11]

WHO IS ALLAH?

“QABRON KI PUJA” “Grave Worship”

Be Aware of “QABRON KI PUJA” “Grave Worship” (Shirk):

In many Muslim countries around the world people build Masjids on the graves of pious people, these are sometimes called “Dargah” or “Mazar” etc. And people go to those places and ask the dead person to give them a child or whatever they need “Grave Worship”. Now asking anyone but Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) for anything is Shirk. Here we want to clear up that from the Qur’an and very clear Sahih Hadith that we are NOT supposed to build structures or Masjids on the graves of pious people or anyone else.

It is also shirk to make a vow to any other than Allaah, as is done by those who vow to bring candles or lights for the occupants of the graves. Please Don’t follow blindly what your parents and relatives did. Also try to know what our prophet (peace be upon him) and Qur’an says.

Lets analyze – In the light of Hadith: 

Sahih Al-Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 8, Hadith # 419
Narrated A’isha (R.A) Um Habiba (R.A) and Um Salama (R.A) mentioned about a church they had seen in Ethiopia in which there were pictures. They told the Prophet (S.A.W) about it, on which he said, “If any religious man dies amongst those people they would build a place of worship at his grave and make these pictures in it. They will be the worst creature in the sight of Allah on the Day of Resurrection.”

Sahih Muslim: Book 4, Hadith # 2116
Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah (R.A) Rasulullah (S.A.W) forbade that the graves should be plastered, or they be used as sitting places (for the people), or a building should be built over them.
Note: This hadith makes it very clear that we are NOT supposed to build ANYTHING over them. May Allah (Swt) save us , as many of the Muslim today build strong plastered graves and this is against the order of Rasulullah (S.A.W)!

Sahih Al-Bkhari: Volume 1, Book 8, Hadith # 427
Narrated A’isha (R.A) and ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (R.A) When the last moment of the life of Allah’s Apostle (S.A.W) came he started putting his ‘Khamisa’ on his face and when he felt hot and short of breath he took it off his face and said, “May Allah curse the Jews and Christians for they built the places of worship at the graves of their Prophets.” The Prophet (S.A.W) was warning (Muslims) of what those had done.

Sahih Al-Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 8, Hadith # 428
Narrated Abu Huraira (RAA) Rasulullah (SAW) said, “May Allah’s curse be on the Jews for they built the places of worship at the graves of their Prophets.”

Sahih Muslim Book 4, Number 1083
Narrated Jundub ibn Abdullah (R.A) “I heard from the Apostle of Allah (SAW) five days before his death and he said: I stand acquitted before Allah that I took anyone of you as friend, for Allah has taken me as His friend, as he took Ibrahim as His friend. Had I taken any one of my Ummah as a friend, I would have taken Abu Bakr as a friend. Beware of those who preceded you and used to take the graves of their prophets and righteous men as places of worship, but you must not take graves as mosques; I forbid you to do that.

Sahih Muslim Book 4, Hadith # 2121
Narrated Abu Marthad al-Ghanawi (R.A) Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W) said: Do not sit on the graves and do not pray facing towards them.

In the light of Qur’an: 

They belief that dead Awliyaa’ (“saints”) can fulfil one’s needs or help at times of distress, and calling upon them for aid.
Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him . . .” [Al-Israa, 17:23]

Similarly, they call upon dead Prophets, righteous people and others to intercede for them or to rescue them from some calamity, but
Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
Is He [not best] who responds to the desperate one when he calls upon Him and removes evil and makes you inheritors of the earth? Is there a deity with Allah ? Little do you remember. [An-Naml, 27:62]

Some of them have adopted the habit of mentioning the name of a shaykh or wali (“saint”) when they stand up, or sit down, or stumble, or encounter problems or distress, so they might say “O Muhammad!” or “O ‘Ali!” or “O Husayn!” or “O Badawi!” or “O Jeelaani!” or “O Shaadhili!” or “O Rifaa’i!” – or they may call upon al-’Aydaroos or Sayyidah Zaynab or Ibn ‘Alwaan.

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
Indeed, those whom you call upon besides Allah are servants like you. So call upon them and let them respond to you, if you should be truthful. [Al-A’raf, 7:194]

Some of those who worship graves walk around them as if in “Tawaaf” and acknowledge their corners or touch them, kiss them, wipe their faces with their dust, prostrate towards them when they see them or stand before them in fear and humility, praying for whatever they need of healing from some disease, or for a child or for help with some difficulty. Sometimes they call upon the occupant of the grave, saying “O my master, I have come to you from far away, so do not let me down.”

But Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever dies calling on someone else as a rival to Allah, will enter Hell.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, 8/176).

Some of them shave their heads at the graves, and some have books with titles like Manaasik Hajj al-Mashaahid (“The Rituals of Pilgrimage to Shrines”), mashaahid or shrines referring to graves or tombs of ‘Awliyaa’. Some of them believe that the ‘Awliyaa’ are running the affairs of the universe and that they have the power to benefit or harm (Astagfirullah).

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is no remover of it except Him; and if He intends for you good, then there is no repeller of His bounty. He causes it to reach whom He wills of His servants. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful. [Al-Yunus, 10:107]

It is also shirk to make a vow to any other than Allah, as is done by those who vow to bring candles or lights for the occupants of the graves.
Those who worship anyone but Allah or associate partners with Allah, Allah says the following in the Quran:

“And invoke not besides Allah any that will neither profit you nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the polytheists and wrong doers. And if Allah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His favours which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He wills. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” [Qur’an, 10: 106-107]

Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly gone far astray. [Qur’an, 4:116]

“Verily whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah Has forbidden paradise for him and the fire will be his abode” [Qur’an, 5:72]

ALLAH’S PUNISHMENT FOR WORSHIPPING ANYONE OR ASSOCIATING ANY PARTNERS TO HIM IS HELL / JAHANNUM – WITH NO RETURN AND NO FORGIVENESS.

May Allah (SWT) guide us to the right path. Ameen.

WHAT DOES ISLAM SAY ABOUT HOMOSEXUALITY AND LESBIANISM?

Homosexuality: “This sin, the impact of which makes one’s skin crawl, which words cannot describe, is evidence of perverted instincts, total collapse of shame and honor, and extreme filthiness of character and soul… The heavens, the Earth, and the mountains tremble from the impact of this sin. The angels shudder as they anticipate the punishment of Allah to descend upon the people who commit this indescribable sin.”

 Dr. Abdul Aziz Al-Fawzan, The Evil Sin of Homosexuality

Islam doesn’t merely disapprove homosexuality, it terms it as a vile and evil sin that is considered worse than fornication and adultery and is punishable by stoning to death.

The homosexual person goes against the natural fitrah (disposition) which Allah has created for mankind and Allah has warned against falling into such evil sins. The homosexuality causes various diseases that no one can deny. It causes families to break up and may lead a person to leave his work and family because he is occupied with such perversions. A person is left with no shame and honor.  Allah has forbidden it and any sane, reasonable and modest person would not question on the prohibition of this immorality. As a Muslim, we must believe that whatever Allah has forbidden is indeed harmful to mankind and vice-versa.

Ibn al-Qayyim said: 

Both of them – fornication and homosexuality – involve immorality that goes against the wisdom of Allaah’s creation and commandment. For homosexuality involves innumerable evil and harms, and the one to whom it is done would be better off being killed than having this done to him, because after that he will become so evil and so corrupt that there can be no hope of his being reformed, and all good is lost for him, and he will no longer feel any shame before Allaah or before His creation. The semen of the one who did that to him will act as a poison on his body and soul. The scholars differed as to whether the one to whom it is done will ever enter Paradise. There are two opinions which I heard Shaykh al-Islam (may Allaah have mercy on him) narrate.”

(Al-Jawaab al-Kaafi, p. 115).

Quranic evidence:

“…For ye practice your lusts on men in preference to women: ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds…. And we rained down on them a shower (of brimstone)” –Quran (7:80-84)

From this verse, we can conclude that the man who prefers a man over women are indeed transgressors and liable to punishment and their punishment is death by stoning as what happened to the people of Lot. It is an interpretation of the majority of Muslim scholars that the “raining of stones” means the destruction of such people by stoning. (Inexplicably, the story is also repeated in three other suras: 15:74, 27:58 and 29:40).

“Will ye commit abomination such as no creature ever did before you?”  Quran (7:18)

This verse clearly establishes that homosexuality as a different form and much worse than the adultery and fornication. According to Arabic grammar, it is called as worst sin whereas other forms of Zina are considered as great sins. From here we can conclude that it is indeed a great evil.

Other Quranic evidence:

“Verily, you practice your lusts on men instead of women. Nay, but you are a people transgressing beyond bounds (by committing great sins)’” (al-A’raaf 7:80-81)

“Verily, We sent against them a violent storm of stones (which destroyed them all), except the family of Loot (Lot), them We saved in the last hour of the night” (al-Qamar 54:34)

“And (remember) Loot (Lot), when he said to his people: ‘you commit Al‑Faahishah (sodomy the worst sin) which none has preceded you in (committing) it in the ‘Aalameen (mankind and jinn)’” (al-‘Ankaboot 29:28)

Allah mentions in glorious Quran that none of the mankind or Jinn’s had committed such worst sins before the people of Lut (AS) and this was the reason for their destruction. It is a clear warning of Allah aza-wa-jal to mankind to stay away from it.

 “And (remember) Loot (Lot), We gave him Hukm (right judgment of the affairs and Prophethood) and (religious) knowledge, and We saved him from the town (folk) who practiced Al‑Khabaa’ith (evil, wicked and filthy deeds). Verily, they were a people given to evil and were Faasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allaah)” (al-Anbiya’ 21:74)

The deed of homosexuality is termed as a vile, evil and filthy deed by Allah aza-wa-jal. This is the immorality which has no place in Islamic society.

Evidence from Hadith and Sira:

It was narrated that Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him): “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘There is nothing I fear for my ummah more than the deed of the people of Loot.’” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1457; Ibn Maajah, 2563.)

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “… cursed is the one who has intercourse with an animal, cursed is the one who does the action of the people of Loot.” (Narrated by Ahmad, 1878.)

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Whoever you find doing the deed of the people of Loot, kill the one who does it and the one to whom it is done.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1456.)

{This Hadith : Kill the one who does it……   is for Muslim ruler, not for Common Muslims.}

In most of the Islamic countries where shariah law is strictly applied, homosexuals are beheaded,  killed by stoning or throwing from rooftops.

We as a Muslim should never support such LGBT or homosexual groups and should never think leniently about them. They don’t deserve sympathy and should be condemned. Neither should a Muslim engage in such evil practices unless he wishes to dwell in the pit of fire for the eternity.

And Allah knows best.


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