Masturbation is haraam in Islam for both men and women.
It is because of this the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “the best of the people is the one with the good character”. Hence a person must always strive to be of best character.
In another narration, he says: “When your modesty goes on reducing (and there remains no veil of a hindrance in between you and immorality), then do whatever you wish”. (Bukhari)
We can conclude from this hadith that with the beginning of masturbation, the modesty of a person goes on decreasing to a level where he doesn’t care about any immorality conducted by him. He is left with no shame and doesn’t fear Allah subhana-wa-ta’ala.
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In one of the narration Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) mentions that: ““Modesty is a branch of Imaan” (Bukhari)
Hence a person who indulges in evil acts of immorality are the ones with week Imaan or in other words, the faith of a person is weakened by the evils of immodesty and immorality.
From the Quranic perspective, Imam Shaafi stated that masturbation is Haraam and forbidden from the following verses of Quran.
“And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts). Except for their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands possess, – for them, they are free from blame. But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors.” 23.5-7
“And let those who find not the financial means for marriage keep themselves chaste until Allah enriches them of His bounty.” 24.33.
In the first verse above it can be clearly seen that the illegal sexual acts(including Masturbation) are forbidden and whoever indulges in it is a transgressor.
In the second verse, we can see that if a person is capable of marrying must marry and protect himself from evil acts and if he is not capable of marrying(financially) than he must fast as fasting will help him in being patient in facing temptations.
Curing the habit of masturbation :
1. The intention. The motive to cure the problem must be to attain Allah’s blessings and solely based on fearing His punishment.
2. Marriage. If a person is financially capable of marrying that he should not waste any time and get married soon as this will protect him from immorality.
3. Keeping oneself busy with the work and worshipping Allah subhana-wa-ta’ala.
4. Avoid watching indecent movies, photographs, and pornography that promotes immorality and immodesty.
5. Lowering your gaze.
6. Using your leisure in helping others and worshipping Allah.
7. Being aware of the health problems such as weak eyesight, back pain etc caused by the masturbation.
8. Avoiding the thoughts that it is permissible because it prevents one from committing Zina. No, it leads one to it.
9. Willpower. a strong willpower is mandatory to achieve anything and if a person is not sincere and lacks willpower than he will not be able to cope up with the problem.
10. Follow Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him)`s advice i.e. fasting. If the problem is too chronic that a person is advised to fast as it diminishes the power of sexual temptations.
11. Keep a good company. Try to be with people who are god fearing and righteous. Avoid to be in the company of those for whom immorality is normal.
12. Ask Allah to cure you. Seek his forgiveness and do tawbah.
May Allah protect and help us. May Allah keep us from all the roots of evil and wickedness.