All praise be to Allah.
In al-Mawsoo‘ah al-‘Arabiyyah al-‘Aalamiyyah it says: The dinosaurs of the Jurassic period (138-205 million years ago) include the tallest known dinosaur, namely the diplodocus, which reached a height of 27 m, as well as other dinosaurs such as the plated or armoured stegosaurus, the Allosaurus, and the camptosaurus.

The dinosaurs were reptiles that lived millions of years ago. The word dinosaur is derived from two Greek words meaning “terrible lizard”. However the dinosaurs were not really lizards, although the size of some of them was terrifying; the largest dinosaur was the biggest animal that ever lived on dry land, with a weight that was many times that of a fully grown elephant. There are a very few types of whales that grow to a size bigger than these dinosaurs.

The first dinosaurs appeared on earth 220 million years ago. These creatures dominated dry land for approximately 150 million years and lived on most continents on earth and in various environments, such as swamps and flat plains. They became extinct suddenly 63 million years ago. End quote.

There is nothing in the texts of the Qur’aan or Sunnah to confirm or deny the existence of these creatures. In the Holy Qur’aan there are some verses which some scholars have understood to mean that there were creatures that existed on earth before Adam (peace be upon him), such as the verse in which Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: ‘Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth.’ They said: ‘Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, – while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You.’ He (Allah) said: ‘I know that which you do not know’”

[al-Baqarah 2:30].

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: The words of the angels “Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood?” make it very likely that they were successors to some creatures who came before them and that there were creatures on earth before that who shed blood and spread mischief. So the angels asked their Lord, may He be glorified and exalted: “Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood” as was done by those who came before them?

End quote from Tafseer al-Qur’aan al-Kareem, 1/30

The dinosaurs may have been among those creatures.

It is not strange that there were creatures of this great size. It is proven in the saheeh Sunnah that Adam (peace be upon him)was sixty cubits tall, as was narrated by al-Bukhaari (3326) and Muslim (2841) from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah created Adam sixty cubits tall, then He said: Go and greet those angels and listen to how they greet you, for that will be your greeting and the greeting of your descendants.

So he went and said, As-salaamu ‘alaykum (peace be upon you) and they said: Al-salaam ‘alayka wa rahmat Allaah(peace be upon you and the mercy of Allaah. So they added (the words) wa rahmat Allah. Everyone who enters Paradise will be in the form of Adam. Mankind continued to diminish in size until now.”

It also says in the Sunnah that when the earth’s blessing is restored to it at the end of time, one pomegranate at that time will be sufficient for a group of people, and they will seek shade beneath its skin, as was narrated by Muslim (2937) from an-Nawwaas ibn Sam‘aan (may Allah be pleased with him): the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, when speaking of the descent of ‘Eesa (peace be upon him) and Allah’s destruction of Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj: “Then Allaah will send rain which will not be kept out by any house of clay or hair; it will wash the earth and leave it like a mirror.

Then it will be said to the earth: Bring forth your fruits and restore your blessing. On that day a group of people will eat from a pomegranate and shelter beneath its skin. Milk will be blessed until a milch-camel will be sufficient for a crowd of people, and a milch-cow will be sufficient for a tribe of people, and a milch-sheep will be sufficient for a family of people.”

To sum up: Islam does not deny that these creatures existed or that they were of this great size, but the fact remains that when they speak of their lifespans and the details of their forms and lives, this is the field of science and speculation combined.

The Muslim should not be preoccupied with that and he should not waste time discussing it or believe that it is a matter that has any impact on his religious commitment or belief, because he knows that the Qur’aan and Sunnah were revealed to guide people and show them the right way; their focus is not history, geography, earth science or biology, although they indicate many facts that have to do with these fields. There are some kinds of animals that are not mentioned in Qur’aan and Sunnah at all, even though they existed at the time the Qur’aan was revealed.

And Allah knows best.


All praise be to Allah.

In this article, we will talk about the sons of Prophet Muhammad (peace e upon him)

He (peace be upon him) has 3 sons and 4 daughters. All of his sons were born to his beloved wife Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (Radiallah-hu-anha) except for one son- Ibrahim, who was born to Maria al-Qibtiyah (Radiallahu-anha)

In the order of birth sequence, the children of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) are as follows:


Hz Zainab (RA)

Hz Ruqayyah (RA)

Hz Umm Kulthum (RA)

Hz Fatima (RA)



The Sons of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

Qasim ibn Muhammad

Qasim was the first son of the messenger of Allah. It was Qasim from whom he took his qunyah: Abu al-Qasim (the father of Qasim). Prophet (peace be upon him ) liked being called by his qunyah and the companions would often call him by this name i.e. Abu-al-Qasim.

Narrated Jabi (RA):

A man among us begot a boy whom he named al-Qasim. The people said, “We will not call him (i.e. the father) by that Kunyah (Abu al-Qasim) till we ask the Prophet (PBUH) about it. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Name yourselves by my name, but do not call (yourselves) by my Kunyah.” Sahih Bukhari Vol 08, Book 73, Hadith 20

Qasim could not survive and died at a very young age, even before the prophethood of his father.

Abdullah ibn Muhammad

Abdullah was born after Hz Faatimah(Radiallahu anhu) . There is some difference in the opinion of the scholars as to if Abdullah was born after the prophethood of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) or after it. He too could not survive and died at a very young age in 615 CE. He was called as al-Tahir or al-Tayyib.

Ibrahim ibn Muhammad

Ibrahim was the last child of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) He was born in 630 CE or 08 AH. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) named him after the prophet Ibrahim. As per Arabic tradition of the time, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) appointed Umm Saif (RA) as the wet nurse of infant Ibrahim.

Anas bin Malik (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said:

“A child was born this night and I named him after the name of my father Ibrahim (PBUH).”

He then sent him to Umm Saif (RA), the wife of a blacksmith who was called Abu Saif (RA). Sahih Muslim Book 30, Hadith 5733

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) would often visit their house to see Ibrahim. When the Prophet (PBUH) heard that his son became seriously ill, he went to him with Abd ar-Rahman bin Auf (RA). Narrated Anas bin Malik (RA):

We went with Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) to the blacksmith Abu Saif (RA), and he was the husband of the wet-nurse of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet). Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) took Ibrahim and kissed him and later we entered Abu Saif’s house and at that time Ibrahim was in his last breath, and the eyes of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) started shedding tears.

Abd ar-Rahman bin Auf (RA) said, “O Allah’s Apostle, even you are weeping!” He said, “O Ibn Auf, this is mercy.” Then he wept more and said, “The eyes are shedding tears and the heart is grieved, and we will not say except what pleases our Lord, O Ibrahim! Indeed, we are grieved by your separation.” Sahih Bukhari Vol 02, Book 23, Hadith 390

Ibrahim passed away at the age of 16-18 months in year 632 CE. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) led the funeral prayer of his son. He was buried in al-Baqi Cemetery in Medina.

Narrated Ismail (RA):

I asked Abi Aufa, “Did you see Ibrahim, the son of the Prophet (PBUH)?” He said, “Yes, but he died in his early childhood. Had there been a Prophet after Muhammad, then his son might have lived, but there is no Prophet after him.” Sahih Bukhari Vol 08, Book 73, Hadith 214

When Ibrahim passed away there was a solar eclipse and the word went around that the sun had eclipsed as the result of sadness over the death of Ibrahim. Upon hearing this Muhammad(peace be upon him) denies any such reasons and quoted:

Narrated Abu Bakr (RA):

In the lifetime of the Allah’s Messenger (PBUH), the sun eclipsed and he went out dragging his clothes till he reached the Masjid. The people gathered around him and he led them and offered two rakah of prayers. When the sun (eclipse) cleared, he said, “The sun and the moon are two signs amongst the Signs of Allah; they do not eclipse because of the death of someone, and so when an eclipse occurs, pray and invoke Allah till the eclipse is over.” It so happened that a son of the Prophet (PBUH) called Ibrahim died on that day and the people were talking about that (saying that the eclipse was caused by his death). Sahih Bukhari Vol 02, Book 18, Hadith 170

May Allah make us among the righteous and allow us to be near Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his family in Jannat-ul-Firdous.


Allah accepts repentance from whoever realizes his sins, turns to Him and repents. And Allah gives us chance after chance to turn to Him; He, the Most Merciful, tirelessly accepting our repentance from sin after sin, again and again.

However, the last minute repentance, when we are in our deathbeds seeing angels of death coming to take our souls, realizing that we should turn to Allah in repentance, is not accepted.

Prophet Muhammad said:

“Whoever repents before the death rattle reaches his throat, Allah will accept it from him” (Ahmad)

And this was the case of Pharaoh. He was given message after message, warning after warning, threatening after threatening, all doors of repentance were wide open for him if he chose to repent but his arrogance prevented him from repenting and he didn’t repent until he was facing death.

Allah says in the Quran:

{And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh and his soldiers pursued them in tyranny and enmity until, when drowning overtook him, he said, “I believe that there is no deity except that in whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of the Muslims.”

Now? And you had disobeyed [Him] before and were of the corrupters?” (10: 90-91)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“When Allah drowned Pharaoh, he said: I believe in the one in whom the children of Israel believe. Gabriel said: ‘O Muhammad! If you could only have seen me, while I was taking (the mud) from the sea, and filling his mouth out of fear that the mercy would reach him.’” (At-Tirmidhi)

The Pharaoh did not believe in Allah until he was drowning and saw death; so his last minute repentance was not accepted because it was too late.

So any repentance at the face of death is not accepted. Allah says:

{The repentance accepted by Allah is only for those who do wrong in ignorance [or carelessness] and then repent soon after. It is those to whom Allah will turn in forgiveness, and Allah is ever Knowing and Wise.

And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful torment.} (4:17-18)

Pharaoh’s lifeless body is saved as a sign for those who come afterwards. Allah says in the Quran:

{So today We will save you in body that you may be to those who succeed you a sign. And indeed, many among the people, of Our signs, are heedless.} (10:92)



Ali Banat was a wealthy businessman from Australia who was diagnosed with cancer and given just seven months to live. This news changed his outlook on life and he spent his last years dedicated to the service of others. He appeared in a video produced by One Path Network where he described his cancer as a ‘gift’. His story touched millions of people around the world.

He passed away on 29th May 2018 in the blessed month of Ramadan. May Allah have mercy on him.

Here are 5 lessons we can learn from Ali’s life:

1) Be grateful to Allah

Ali Banat
Ali Banat

Ali said he was grateful to Allah for giving him cancer. This may sound like a strange thing to say but he felt that this allowed him to appreciate all the blessings in his life which he may have taken for granted. He said it opened his eyes to the smallest of blessings like breathing fresh air.

Let’s all actively try to be grateful for all that Allah has given us and use those blessings in doing good deeds, and not misuse them in doing bad deeds.

Allah says in Surah Ibrahim, Verse 7, “Remember that He promised, “If you are thankful, I will give you more, but if you are thankless, My punishment is terrible indeed.” ’

2) Change now

Ali changed his life around after learning he has cancer. Let us not wait for something like that to happen in our lives before we change for the better. Let us make a change now.

3) Have a positive outlook

Ali Banat
Ali Banat

After being diagnosed with cancer, Ali could have given up and let fate take its course. However, he decided to stay positive and started a charity to help people in Africa. He continued to remain positive even as his health continued to deteriorate.

Whenever we go through difficulties in life, let’s all try to follow Ali’s example and try to remain positive and patient. Positivity can help us deal with hardships and pain.

4) Live life in the service of others and prepare your legacy

Ali lived the last years of his life in the service of others. He built a masjid in Africa and set out to established a school for hundreds of orphans as well as other projects through his charity Muslims Around the World.

All the charity work Ali done will be a means of Sadaqah Jariyah (continuous charity) for him which means he will continue to be rewarded as long as people continue to benefit from the projects.

Ali has left a legacy in the world and we must ask ourselves, what legacy will we leave after we pass away? How will we be remembered? How many hearts will we have touched?

We shouldn’t do anything in order to be praised by people but if we are sincere, Allah will cause the hearts of the people to love us and remember even after we pass away.

Ali Banat
Ali Banat

Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: Some Companions happened to pass by a funeral procession (bier) and they praised him (the deceased). The Prophet ﷺ said, “He will certainly enter it.” Then they passed by another funeral procession and they spoke ill of the deceased. The Prophet ﷺ said, “He will certainly enter it.” ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab may Allah be pleased with him) said: “(O Messenger of Allah,) what do you mean by ‘He will certainly enter it?” He ﷺ replied, “You praised the first person, so he will enter Jannah; and you spoke ill of the second person, so he will enter Hell. You are Allah’s witnesses on earth.” [Bukhari & Muslim]

We don’t have to change the world or establish huge charitable organisations. Even if we touch the life of one person that is a good legacy too. If we have children and we are able to ensure they become good Muslims who are a benefit to society, then that is also a good legacy to leave behind.

5) Know that life is temporary

After being given just seven months to live, Ali no longer had any interests in the supercars he owned and he wanted to give away all of his worldly possessions such as his expensive watches and designer clothes so that he could start preparing for the akhirah (next life).

Although there is nothing wrong with having such things, Ali realised that they would not benefit him in the akhirah and he wanted to prepare for the next life by donating what he owned to charity.

Allah says in Surah Al Baqrah, verse 110: “And establish prayer and give zakah, and whatever good you put forward for yourselves – you will find it with Allah. Indeed, Allah of what you do, is Seeing.”

I will conclude with some words from Ali Banat,

Ali Banat
Ali Banat

“It all started when I went to the cemetery when a brother that had cancer passed away. And I was at the cemetery and I was just thinking to myself – after you go, there’s nothing. There’s no one there for you. No mother, no father, no brother no sister, except for your deeds. Even your money is not going to be there for you. So the only thing that is gonna be there for you is charity. And that’s the only thing that’s going to help you gradually through your time in the grave until you get to your ultimate destination”

(Source – IlmFeed.com)

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